function [y,e] = powspec(x, sr, wintime, steptime, dither)
%[y,e] = powspec(x, sr, wintime, steptime, sumlin, dither)
%
% compute the powerspectrum and frame energy of the input signal.
% basically outputs a power spectrogram
%
% each column represents a power spectrum for a given frame
% each row represents a frequency
%
% default values:
% sr = 8000Hz
% wintime = 25ms (200 samps)
% steptime = 10ms (80 samps)
% which means use 256 point fft
% hamming window
%
% $Header: /Users/dpwe/matlab/rastamat/RCS/powspec.m,v 1.3 2012/09/03 14:02:01 dpwe Exp dpwe $
% for sr = 8000
%NFFT = 256;
%NOVERLAP = 120;
%SAMPRATE = 8000;
%WINDOW = hamming(200);
if nargin < 2
sr = 8000;
end
if nargin < 3
wintime = 0.025;
end
if nargin < 4
steptime = 0.010;
end
if nargin < 5
dither = 1;
end
winpts = round(wintime*sr);
steppts = round(steptime*sr);
NFFT = 2^(ceil(log(winpts)/log(2)));
%WINDOW = hamming(winpts);
%WINDOW = [0,hanning(winpts)'];
WINDOW = [hanning(winpts)'];
% hanning gives much less noisy sidelobes
NOVERLAP = winpts - steppts;
SAMPRATE = sr;
% Values coming out of rasta treat samples as integers,
% not range -1..1, hence scale up here to match (approx)
y = abs(specgram(x*32768,NFFT,SAMPRATE,WINDOW,NOVERLAP)).^2;
% imagine we had random dither that had a variance of 1 sample
% step and a white spectrum. That's like (in expectation, anyway)
% adding a constant value to every bin (to avoid digital zero)
if (dither)
y = y + winpts;
end
% ignoring the hamming window, total power would be = #pts
% I think this doesn't quite make sense, but it's what rasta/powspec.c does
% that's all she wrote
% 2012-09-03 Calculate log energy - after windowing, by parseval
e = log(sum(y));