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Winston Hsu, Shih-Fu Chang. A Statistical Framework for Fusing Mid-level Perceptual Features in News Story Segmentation. In IEEE International Conference on Multimedia & Expo (ICME), Baltimore, MD, July 2003.

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News story segmentation is essential for video indexing, summarization and intelligence exploitation. In this paper, we present a general statistical framework, called exponential model or maximum entropy model, that can systematically select the most significant mid-level features of various types (visual, audio, and semantic) and learn the optimal ways in fusing their combinations in story segmentation. The model utilizes a family of weighted, exponential functions to account for the contributions from different features. The Kullbak- Leibler divergence measure is used in an optimization procedure to iteratively estimate the model parameters, and automatically select the optimal features. The framework is scalable in incorporating new features and adapting to new domains and also discovers how these feature sets contribute to the segmentation work. When tested on foreign news programs, the proposed techniques achieve significant performance improvement over prior work using ad hoc algorithms and slightly better gain over the state of the art using HMM-based models


Winston Hsu
Shih-Fu Chang

BibTex Reference

   Author = {Hsu, Winston and Chang, Shih-Fu},
   Title = {A Statistical Framework for Fusing Mid-level Perceptual Features in News Story Segmentation},
   BookTitle = {IEEE International Conference on Multimedia & Expo (ICME)},
   Address = {Baltimore, MD},
   Month = {July},
   Year = {2003}

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