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Winston Hsu, Shih-Fu Chang. Generative, Discriminative, and Ensemble Learning on Multi-modal Perceptual Fusion toward News Video Story Segmentation. In IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME), Taipei, Taiwan, June 2004.

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News video story segmentation is a critical task for automatic video indexing and summarization. Our prior work has demonstrated promising performance by using a generative model, called Maximum Entropy (ME), which models the posterior probability given the multi-modal perceptual features near the candidate points. In this paper, we investigate alternative statistical approaches based on discriminative models, i.e. Support Vector Machine (SVM), and Ensemble Learning, i.e. Boosting. In addition, we develop a novel approach, called BoostME, which uses the ME classifiers and the associated confidence scores in each boosting iteration. We evaluated these different methods using the TRECVID 2003 broadcast news data set. We found that SVM-based and ME-based techniques both outperformed the pure Boosting techniques, with the SVM-based solutions achieving even slightly higher accuracy. Moreover, we summarize extensive analysis results of error sources over distinctive news story types to identify future research opportunities


Winston Hsu
Shih-Fu Chang

BibTex Reference

   Author = {Hsu, Winston and Chang, Shih-Fu},
   Title = {Generative, Discriminative, and Ensemble Learning on Multi-modal Perceptual Fusion toward News Video Story Segmentation},
   BookTitle = {IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo (ICME)},
   Address = {Taipei, Taiwan},
   Month = {June},
   Year = {2004}

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