Addressing Grand Energy Challenges Through Nanoscience

September 20, 2006
Time: 2:00pm-3:00pm
Davis Auditorium, Schapiro/CEPSR
Hosted by: Jim Hone - CISE
Speaker: M. S. Dresselhaus, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Abstract

Advanced materials, utilizing nanostructures to provide new materials properties and opportunities for the independent control of materials structures and properties, offer new promise for addressing some of the grand energy challenges facing our future. This talk will review opportunities opened up at the nanoscale, with materials of reduced dimensionality and enhanced surface-to-volume ratio. Some examples of research accomplishments and opportunities at the nanoscale will be described. Special attention will be given to the potential of advanced materials and nanoscience to have an impact on addressing grand energy challenges for the 21st century and beyond.

Mildred Dresselhaus is an Institute Professor of Electrical Engineering and Physics at MIT. Prof Dresselhaus is a native of the Bronx, New York City, where she attended the NY City public schools through junior high, completing high school at Hunter College High School in NYC. She began her higher education at Hunter College in NYC and received a Fulbright Fellowship to attend the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge University (1951-52). Prof Dresselhaus received her master's degree at Radcliffe College (1953) and her Ph.D. at the University of Chicago (1958).

Prof Dresselhaus has served as President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Treasurer of the US National Academy of Sciences, President of the American Physical Society and is currently Chair of the Governing Board of the American Institute of Physics. She is a member of the US National Academy of Engineering, as well as of the Engineering Sciences Section of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Physical Society, the IEEE, the Materials Research Society, the Society of Women Engineers, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and American Carbon Society. She has received numerous awards, including the US National Medal of Science and 19 honorary doctorates worldwide. She served as the Director of the Office of Science at the US Department of Energy in 2000–2001. She is the co-author of four books on carbon science. Her research interests are in electronic materials, particularly in nanoscience and nanotechnology, with special regard to carbon related materials, novel forms of carbon, including fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, porous carbons, activated carbons and carbon aerogels, as well as other nanostructures, such as bismuth nanowires and the use of nanostructures in low dimensional thermoelectricity. She recently headed a national Department of Energy Study on "Basic Research Needs for the Hydrogen Economy," including hydrogen production, storage, and use.


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